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PureXtracts Cannabis Glossary: Your A-Z Resource

Ben Pennstrom
- October 26, 2023

Welcome to PureXtracts' Cannabis Industry Terms Glossary, your ultimate resource for understanding the world of cannabis, from the basics to the science behind it. Whether you're a seasoned cannabis enthusiast or just starting your journey, this glossary aims to educate and inform. We've included terms related to the unique biology of the cannabis plant, extraction and purification methods, cannabis cultivation, and keywords related to our products.

Biology of Cannabis:

  • Bract: A bract is a modified leaf near the base of a female cannabis flower that protects the developing seeds.
  • Calyx: The calyx is the part of the cannabis flower where the pistils and trichomes emerge, enclosing the seeds.
  • Cannabinoid: Cannabinoids are the active compounds found in cannabis, with THC and CBD being the most well-known, but there are over 100 others, each with unique effects.
  • Cola: The cola is the main flowering site on a cannabis plant, where numerous bud sites develop.
  • Entourage Effect: The entourage effect is the synergistic interaction between cannabinoids, terpenes, and other cannabis compounds, enhancing the overall therapeutic experience.
  • Fan Leaves: Fan leaves are the large, iconic leaves of the cannabis plant that capture light for photosynthesis.
  • Flavonoid: Flavonoids are a diverse group of phytonutrients in cannabis responsible for pigmentation, flavors, and potential health benefits.
  • Genotype: Genotype refers to the genetic makeup of a cannabis plant.  It’s a combination of genes that influence the plant’s physical and chemical traits, including growth patterns, disease resistance, and cannabinoid and terpene profiles.
  • Hairs: Also called pistils, these are hair-like structures on cannabis buds that can change color, indicating the plant's maturity.
  • Indica: Indica strains are known for their relaxing, body-centered effects.  They typically have a higher CBD-to-THC ratio, making them suitable for relaxation, pain relief, and sleep.
  • Pistil: Pistils are the female reproductive organs of a cannabis plant, capturing pollen for fertilization.
  • Phenotype: A phenotype refers to the physical characteristics and traits displayed by a specific cannabis plant, including size, shape, and the composition of cannabinoids and terpenes.
  • Resin Glands: Resin glands on trichomes produce the sticky, cannabinoid-rich resin covering cannabis flowers.
  • Root Ball: The root ball is the mass of roots at the base of a cannabis plant, responsible for nutrient uptake and overall plant health.
  • Sativa: Sativa strains are known for their uplifting, cerebral effects, making them ideal for daytime use and creative activities.
  • Stigma: The stigma is the part of the pistil that captures and receives pollen during the pollination process.
  • Terpene: Terpenes are aromatic compounds that give each cannabis strain its distinct scent and flavor, playing a role in the entourage effect.
  • Trichome: Trichomes are the tiny, crystal-like structures on cannabis plants that produce cannabinoids and terpenes, appearing as a frosty, resinous layer on the buds.
  • THCA: THCA is the non-psychoactive precursor to THC found in raw cannabis, becoming psychoactive when heated (decarboxylated).

Cannabis Cultivation:

  • Aeroponic: Aeroponic cultivation suspends cannabis plants in an air-rich environment, delivering nutrients directly to the roots for optimal growth.
  • Barley: Barley can be used as a cover crop in cannabis cultivation, enriching the soil with organic matter and improving overall soil health.
  • Coco Coir Soil: Coco coir is a popular soilless growing medium made from coconut husks, providing excellent aeration and water retention.
  • Compost: Compost is rich in organic matter, providing nutrients to cannabis plants and enhancing soil structure.
  • Drip System: A drip system provides efficient irrigation to cannabis plants, delivering water and nutrients directly to the root zone.
  • Greenhouse: Greenhouses offer controlled environments for cannabis cultivation, extending the growing season and enhancing yield and quality.
  • Hemp: Hemp refers to a non-psychoactive variety of the cannabis plant, cultivated for its fiber, seeds, and extracts, used in various industrial applications.
  • Hoop House: Hoop houses are cost-effective structures used in cannabis cultivation to extend the growing season and protect plants from harsh weather.
  • Hydroponic: Hydroponic cultivation involves growing cannabis plants in a nutrient-rich water solution without traditional soil, allowing for precise nutrient control.
  • Living Soil: Living soil is a soil medium teeming with beneficial microorganisms that contribute to healthy plant growth and robust terpene production.
  • Nutrients: Nutrients are essential elements added to the growing medium to promote healthy cannabis plant growth.
  • Outdoor Grow: Outdoor cannabis cultivation involves growing plants under natural conditions, often resulting in unique terpene profiles and flavors.
  • Peat Moss: Peat moss is a common component in cannabis cultivation mixes, improving moisture retention and soil aeration.
  • Rock Wool: Rock wool is a sterile and pH-neutral growing medium for cannabis, offering excellent water retention and root oxygenation.
  • Worm Castings: Worm castings are nutrient-rich excrement produced by earthworms, often used in organic cannabis cultivation to enhance soil quality.

Science of Extraction and Purification:

  • Absorbent: Absorbents are materials used in extraction to soak up or take in specific compounds or contaminants from a solution.  They operate by absorbing and retaining these compounds within its structure, commonly used to selectively capture target molecules, facilitating the purification of extracts.
  • Adsorbent: Adsorbents are substances used in extraction to attract and adhere to specific molecules or compounds present in a solution.  Unlike absorbents, adsorbents do not incorporate these molecules into their structure but rather create bonds with them on the surface.  Adsorbents are pivotal in adsorption processes, allowing for the separation and removal of impurities and contaminants from the extract.
  • Argon, Nitrogen: Argon and nitrogen are noble gases that are used to create inert atmospheres during extraction processes, preventing oxidation and degradation of cannabis compounds.
  • BHO Extraction: BHO extraction is a method that uses butane as a solvent to create potent concentrates, known for its versatility in product formulation.
  • Boiling Point: The boiling point is the temperature at which a substance changes from a liquid to a gas during extraction, allowing the separation of desired compounds.
  • Buchner Flask: A Buchner flask is a laboratory apparatus used for vacuum filtration in the purification of cannabis extracts.
  • Butane Hash Oil (BHO): BHO is a cannabis concentrate produced by using butane as a solvent, dissolving trichome resin to create a potent extract.
  • Chromatography: Chromatography is a separation technique used in cannabis extraction to isolate different compounds based on their chemical properties.
  • Cold Trap: A cold trap is a device used to capture and condense volatile compounds during the distillation process, preventing their loss.
  • Collection Vessel: The collection vessel is a key component of the extraction equipment, used to collect and store the extracted cannabis concentrate once the extraction process is complete.
  • Compression Fitting: Compression fittings are used in extraction equipment to connect and seal pipes and tubing securely.
  • Condenser Coil: A condenser coil is a part of distillation equipment that cools vaporized compounds back into a liquid state for collection.
  • Cryogenic: Cryogenic extraction employs extremely low temperatures to extract cannabis compounds, preserving delicate terpenes and cannabinoids.
  • Cured Resin: Cured resin is a cannabis extract that has undergone a curing process to enhance flavor and potency.
  • Decarboxylation: Decarboxylation is a chemical process that involves heating cannabis to activate and convert non-psychoactive cannabinoids (such as THCA and CBDA) into their active, psychoactive forms (THC and CBD), making them suitable for consumption.
  • Dissolve: The dissolution process in extraction involves the mixing of cannabinoids and terpenes into a solvent, creating a concentrated solution.
  • Distillation: Distillation is a technique that separates and purifies substances in a mixture based on their different boiling points, commonly used for cannabinoid isolation.
  • Diaphragm Pump: A diaphragm pump is a type of positive displacement pump used in extraction processes.  It operates by moving a diaphragm back and forth to create a vacuum, making it ideal for processes requiring precise control.
  • Emulsion: An emulsion refers to a stable mixture of two immiscible liquids, often seen in cannabis products like tinctures and topicals, where oil and water-based ingredients are combined using emulsifiers.
  • Ethanol: Ethanol is a common alcohol-based solvent used in cannabis extraction, offering efficiency and versatility in creating a wide range of products.
  • Entropy of Vaporization: Entropy of vaporization relates to the energy required for the vaporization of cannabis compounds during extraction.  This concept plays a crucial role in understanding the vaporization and separation of various compounds in the process.
  • Ethanol Extraction: Ethanol extraction employs ethanol as a solvent to create cannabis concentrates, yielding a broad-spectrum extract with a rich terpene profile.
  • Extraction: Extraction is the process of separating and collecting specific compounds, like cannabinoids and terpenes, from the cannabis plant material using various methods and solvents.
  • Extraction Vessel: The extraction vessel is a container used in extraction processes to hold the cannabis material and the solvent, allowing the extraction of cannabinoids and terpenes from the plant material.
  • Fats, Waxes, Lipids: Fats, waxes, and lipids are non-desirable compounds found in cannabis extracts, requiring removal during the purification process.
  • Filter Paper: Filter paper is used in filtration processes to separate solid particulates from liquid solutions during cannabis extraction.
  • Full-Spectrum Extract: Full-spectrum extracts contain a wide range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other beneficial compounds, offering a holistic and synergistic experience.
  • Gasket: Gaskets create a seal between components of extraction equipment, preventing leaks and ensuring safety.
  • Graduated Cylinder: A graduated cylinder is a measuring device used in laboratories to precisely measure the volume of liquids.
  • Hazardous Waste: Hazardous waste management is crucial in the extraction industry to ensure the safe disposal of materials containing solvents and contaminants.
  • Hydrocarbon: Hydrocarbon extraction uses hydrocarbons like butane or propane to create cannabis concentrates, known for their versatility in product formulations.
  • Isolate: An isolate is a highly purified form of a single compound, often referring to pure CBD or THC isolated from other cannabinoids and terpenes.
  • Isopropanol: Isopropanol, also known as isopropyl alcohol, is another solvent used in cannabis extraction, similar to ethanol, it dissolves cannabinoids and terpenes from cannabis material.
  • Liquid Nitrogen: Liquid nitrogen is employed to achieve extremely low temperatures in cryogenic extraction, preserving the delicate terpene and cannabinoid profile of cannabis.
  • LPG: LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) is a hydrocarbon mixture sometimes used as a solvent in cannabis extraction processes.
  • Molecular Sieve: Molecular sieves are porous materials used to remove impurities and water from solvents during extraction.
  • NPT (National Pipe Taper): NPT is a standard for tapered threads used in the construction of extraction equipment.
  • Pressure Regulator: A pressure regulator is a device used in extraction equipment to control and maintain the pressure within specific limits, ensuring the safety and efficiency of the process.
  • Recycler: A part of a closed-loop extraction system that conducts the solvent phase change and houses the recycled solvent prior to re-injection to the extraction vessel.
  • Rotary Evaporator: A rotary evaporator is a distillation apparatus used to remove solvents from cannabis extracts under controlled conditions.
  • Rotary Vane Pump: A rotary vane pump is a type of positive displacement pump used in extraction to create a vacuum environment.  It operates by rotating vanes to create suction, making it suitable for various extraction processes.
  • Short Path Distillation (SPD): Short path distillation is a separation technique often used in cannabis extraction to purify and isolate specific compounds, like cannabinoids and terpenes, based on their boiling points.  It’s a precise method for creating highly concentrated extracts.
  • Solvent: Solvents are substances used in extraction to dissolve and extract cannabinoids and terpenes from cannabis materials.
  • Solventless Extraction: Solventless extractions are extraction methods without the use of solvents, such as using only heat and pressure.
  • Solute: In cannabis extraction, a solute is a substance dissolved in a solvent to create a concentrated solution, often containing cannabinoids or terpenes.
  • Stirrer, Stir Bar: Stirrers and stir bars are devices used in extraction to mix solvents and cannabis materials for even extraction and homogenization.
  • Supercritical CO2 Extraction: This extraction method utilizes carbon dioxide in a supercritical state to extract cannabinoids and terpenes from cannabis.
  • Thermal Fluid: Thermal fluids are used to transfer heat in extraction equipment, maintaining precise temperature control.
  • Thermodynamics: Thermodynamics plays a significant role in cannabis extraction.  It governs the behavior of energy and heat transfer during the process, helping control temperature, pressure, and energy efficiency.
  • Vacuum: Vacuum technology is used in extraction to lower pressure, reducing the boiling point of compounds and enhancing their separation.
  • Vacuum Oven: A vacuum oven is used to gently remove residual solvents from cannabis extracts, ensuring product safety and quality.
  • Wiped Film Evaporator: A wiped film evaporator is a distillation apparatus used in cannabis extraction, separating compounds based on their boiling points.
  • Winterization: Winterization is the process of purifying cannabis extracts by dissolving them in alcohol, freezing the mixture, and then filtering out unwanted compounds.

PureXtracts Products and Keywords:

  • Badder: Badder is a type of cannabis concentrate known for its crumbly texture and high potency, favored by enthusiasts seeking a robust and flavorful experience.
  • Cannabis Cartridges: Cannabis cartridges are prefilled containers for vaporizers, providing a convenient and discreet way to consume cannabis concentrates.
  • Crumble: Crumble is a cannabis concentrate that's known for its crumbly texture, making it easy to dab and offering a potent experience.
  • High Potency Cartridge: High potency cartridges are filled with concentrated cannabis oil, offering a potent and convenient vaping experience.
  • Portable Vaporizer: A portable vaporizer is a device designed for consuming cannabis concentrates on the go, providing a discreet and convenient way to enjoy your favorite products.
  • PX (PureXtracts): PX is a nickname for PureXtracts, your trusted source for high-quality cannabis products and information.
  • PX-Direct: PX-Direct is our reliable cannabis delivery service, ensuring that you have access to our premium products with convenience and efficiency.
  • P2 Cartridges: P2 cartridges are our flagship product, containing high-quality cannabis oil for an exceptional vaping experience.
  • Preserve Cartridges: Preserve cartridges are the pinnacle of our product line, featuring top-quality cannabis oil and a premium vaping experience.
  • Direct-X: Direct-X is another name for our cannabis delivery service, providing you with a seamless way to access our premium products.